Spinal bone fusion surgery is a procedure by which two or more vertebrae of a patient’s spine or permanently connected, eliminating any motion between the fused vertebrae. The technique is designed to mimic the normal healing process that takes place with broken bones.
The surgeon places bone taken from another part of the patient’s body or an artificial bone-like material in the space between two vertebrae. Rods, metal plates, and screws are used to keep the vertebrae in place so they can heal as one complete unit.
Since spinal fusion surgery immobilizes parts of the spine, this surgery changes the way the spine can move. Fusion places added strain and stress on the vertebrae above and below the fused portion, and therefore may accelerate the rate at which those areas of the spine degenerate.
Since spinal fusion immobilizes part of the spine, this surgery offers improved stability while improving pain or correcting a deformity or reduce pain. Your physician may recommend spinal fusion for the treatment of:
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